Please refer to our dedicated webpage for more information for pilot training organisations.



The UK-EU trade deal, announced on 24 December 2020, includes agreements on air transport and aviation safety, which came into effect at 23.00 GMT on 31 December 2020 when the UK ceased taking part in the EU Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) and other EU institutions.

While the agreements involve some elements of continuity, they do not constitute a replication of the UK’s regulatory arrangements as part of the EASA/EU framework and many sections of the aviation and aerospace industries face changes after 31 December 2020, as this microsite sets out.

We will continue to notify stakeholders of the updates through the SkyWise alert system. If you haven’t already done so, please subscribe to the EU exit category in the SkyWise system: skywise.caa.co.uk.

Approved Training Organisations (ATOs) and Declared Training Organisations (DTOs) might need to act. Actions required will depend on individual circumstances and are a matter for each business and individual to consider. This page sets out what you need to consider.

UK-issued ATO, DTO and RF

Existing training organisation approvals and/or declarations will remain valid under UK law.

Where a Competent Authority other than the CAA will be the State of Licence issue, EASA may not recognise training courses conducted by UK-issued approved or declared training organisations where training for a licence, rating or certificate is completed after 31 December 2020.

Therefore, prior to commencing a course of theoretical knowledge or flight training for a pilot’s licence, rating or certificate we recommend that Heads of Training contact EASA or the appropriate competent authority to establish what training will be recognised.

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Could I seek a new a third country approval from EASA?

EASA has stated previously that it would accept third country applications from UK Approved Training Organisations. Organisations will need to decide whether they wish to retain both a national and an EASA approval.

The CAA intends to continue to recognise current (and valid) EASA certificates for an initial period of up to two years, but no decision has been made about ongoing validity after this period.

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I am currently training with non-UK Approved ATO (or DTO) for my Part-FCL licence, which will be issued by the UK. Will my training still be recognised?

Yes. Your training will be recognised for up to two years after UK participation in EASA ceases if you are training with at an ATO or DTO located outside the UK which had their Approval Certificate issued prior to 1 January 2021 and which continued to be valid during the training period.

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How will the qualification of Flight Simulator Training Devices (FSTDs) be affected?

For Flight Simulator Training Device (FSTD), operators planning to use their devices to deliver training to UK CAA Approved Training Organisations from 1 January 2021, there will be new rules, which will mean that:

  • Only EASA or EEA Member State FSTD qualification certificates that have been issued prior to 1 January 2021 will be recognised by the CAA, and only up to the due date of their next evaluation;
  • EASA or EEA Member State FSTD qualification certificates issued on or after this date will not be recognised by the CAA;

EASA has invited CAA FSTD operators to apply for an EASA qualification certificate using the ‘early applications’ process detailed on their website.

FSTD qualification certificates held by operators who had taken the required steps to complete transition to EASA oversight before the end of 2020, or who were already under the oversight of EASA or another EEA Member State, will be automatically recognised by the CAA until the next recurrent evaluation. After 31 December 2020, a CAA FSTD qualification certificate will be required to allow any CAA Approved Training Organisation (ATO) to conduct accredited training on those FSTDs.

FSTD operators who have applied for EASA qualification certificates but will not transition to EASA oversight before the end of 2020 will have their EASA qualification certificates issued on or after 1 January 2021. Consequently, such qualifications will not be automatically recognised, and a CAA FSTD qualification certificate will be required to allow any CAA ATO to conduct accredited training on affected FSTDs from 1 January. FSTD operators will need to maintain an established CAA qualification certificate in parallel with an EASA one.

We recommend that all CAA ATOs conduct a review of the FSTDs they are currently approved to use for training (as detailed on the ATO certificate) because the above changes may affect the CAA qualification status of some or all of these devices from 1 January.

Please contact the CAA FSTD section (fstd.standards@caa.co.uk) or your CAA ATO inspector if you have any questions.

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What will FSTD operators need to do ensure that CAA ATOs can conduct approved training on their Flight Simulator Training Devices (FSTDs) after 31 December 2020?

FSTD operators with qualification certificates issued by EASA or EEA Member State will need to adopt the following process if they have a requirement to enable CAA ATOs to conduct accredited training on the affected FSTDs from 1 January:

 Prior to the next EASA “recurrent evaluation due” date being reached in 2021, application must be made to the CAA for a recurrent FSTD evaluation, to be conducted in the same timeframe as the 2021 EASA evaluation.

 A completed CAA application form SRG2198  should be submitted together with payment based on the fees defined in the CAA Scheme of Charges (Personnel Licensing) for the FSTD in question.

The CAA FSTD Section will then liaise with the operator to schedule and conduct a recurrent evaluation of the FSTD. The resulting evaluation report produced will be annotated to show this as a CAA initial evaluation (only for the first evaluation in 2021).

Assuming the CAA FSTD evaluation team are satisfied with the outcome, a CAA FSTD qualification certificate will then be issued to the operator valid from that date. The CAA will allocate a unique identifier code to the FSTD, similar to the one already allocated by EASA or EEA Member State. The FSTD will then enter the standard CAA FSTD oversight cycle based on the initial issue date shown on the qualification certificate.

A FSTD Compliance Monitoring System (CMS) audit of all operators coming under CAA oversight in 2021 will also be required.

On receipt of all new applications for FSTD recurrent evaluations, the CAA will liaise with operators to schedule the CMS audit, which will be conducted according to established processes. A completed CAA application form SRG2198  will need to be submitted together with payment based on the fees defined in the CAA Scheme of Charges (Personnel Licensing) to cover the CMS audit.

The first CMS audits of operators coming under CAA oversight will be spread over 2021/2022. This will initiate a 24-monthly CAA audit oversight cycle for each operator.

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